Education for corruption-free society

Anti-corruption vocabulary

Below you can find the explanatory vocabulary of anti-corruption terms frequently used in our trainings:

Corruption - abuse of entrusted power for private gain;

Bribery - offering, promising, giving, accepting or soliciting of an advantage (money, gift, reward etc.) as an inducement for an action which is illegal, unethical or a breach of trust.

Embezzlement - when official holding an office in an institution, organisation or company dishonestly and illegally appropriates, uses or traffics the funds and goods they have been entrusted with for personal enrichment or other activities.

Extortion - act of utilising, either directly or indirectly, one's access to a position of power or knowledge to demand unmerited cooperation or compensation as a result of coercive threats.

Facilitation payments - a small bribe, also called as a "facilitating" payment; made to secure or expedite the performance of a rooutine or necessary action to which the payer has legal or other entitlement.

Public sector - Government and other public isntitutions that use public funds and provide services based on the motivation to improve citizens' lives rather than to make a profit.

Private sector - any company, household and institution that is not controlled by the public sector and which is run for private profit.

Civil society - area of activity outside the public and private sector where people associate to advance a common set of interests. Voluntary and community groups, NGOs, trade unions and faith-based organisations commonly are included in this sphere.

Political will - demonstration and commitment by political leaders to address the challenges facing society or to fulfil a political pledge, such as fighting corruption or increasing political participation, by pursuing he appropriate policy responses, including wide-spread reforms.

Rule of law - legal and political systems, structures and practices that condition a government's actions to protect citizens' rights and liberties, maintain law and order, and encourage the effective functioning of the country.

Conflict of interest - situation where an individual or the entity for which they work, whether a government, business, media outlet or civil society organisation, is confronted with choosing between the duties and demands of their position and their own private interests.

Ethics - based on core values and norms, a set of standards for conduct in government, companies and society that guides decisions, choices and actions.

Code of Conduct - statement of principles and values that establishes a set of expectations and standards for how an organisation, government body, company, affiliated group of individual will behave, including minimal levels of compliance and disciplinary actions for the organisation, its staff and volunteers.



Transparency Forum